Keyword: linac
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MOC03 Commissioning and First Lasing of the European XFEL ion, FEL, MMI, electron 9
 
  • H. Weise, W. Decking
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  Funding: Work supported by the respective funding agencies of the contributing institutes; for details please see http:www.xfel.eu
The European X-ray Free-Electron Laser (XFEL) in Hamburg, Northern Germany, aims at producing X-rays in the range from 260 eV to 24 keV out of three undulators that can be operated simultaneously with up to 27,000 pulses per second. The XFEL is driven by a 17.5 GeV superconducting linac. This linac is the worldwide largest installation based on superconducting radio-frequency acceleration. The design is using the so-called TESLA technology which was developed for the superconducting version of an international electron positron linear collider. After eight years of construction the facility is now brought into operation. First lasing was demonstrated in May 2017. Experience with the super-conducting accelerator as well as beam commissioning results will be presented. The path to the first user experiments will be laid down.
 
slides icon Slides MOC03 [5.418 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-FEL2017-MOC03  
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MOP051 Polish In-Kind Contribution to European XFEL: Status in Summer 2017 ion, cavity, FEL, HOM 166
 
  • J.A. Lorkiewicz, K. Chmielewski, Z. Gołębiewski, W.C. Grabowski, K. Kosinski, K. Kostrzewa, P. Krawczyk, I.M. Kudla, P. Markowski, K. Meissner, E.P. Plawski, M. Sitek, J. Szewiński, M. Wojciechowski, Z. Wojciechowski, G. Wrochna
    NCBJ, Świerk/Otwock, Poland
  • J. Świerbleski, M. Duda, M. Jezabek, K. Kasprzak, A. Kotarba, K. Krzysik, M. Stodulski, M. Wiencek
    IFJ-PAN, Kraków, Poland
  • P.B. Borowiec
    Solaris National Synchrotron Radiation Centre, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland
  • M. Chorowski, P. Duda, A. Iluk, K. Malcher, J. Polinski, E. Rusinski
    WRUT, Wrocław, Poland
  • J. Fydrych
    ESS, Lund, Sweden
  • J. Glowinkowski, M. Winkowski, P. Wlk
    Wroclaw Technology Park, Wroclaw, Poland
  • P. Grzegory, G. Michalski
    Kriosystem, Wroclaw, Poland
  • J.K. Sekutowicz
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  In the years 2010-2017, some of the Polish research institutes took responsibility of production and delivery of certain components or test procedures for the EU-XFEL sc linear electron accelerator and elements of slow control systems for the first six XFEL experimental instruments. The presentation summarizes the output of the work on design and manufacturing of cryogenic transfer lines for supercritical helium transport and two vertical cryostats for low-power acceptance tests of sc cavities. The cryogenic installations were prepared by Wroclaw University of Science and Technology and its subcontractors. A team of Institute of Nuclear Physics in Cracow was in charge of preparation and performance of acceptance tests for XFEL sc cavities, accelerator modules and sc magnets. Two teams of National Centre for Nuclear Research (NCBJ)in Świerk were involved in the project. One of them was responsible for design, manufacturing, testing and delivery of 1648 high-order mode couplers, 824 pick-up antennae and 108 beam-line absobers. The other NCBJ group was obliged to deliver 200 modules containing programmable logic controller terminals to be used at the ends of SASE x-ray beam lines.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-FEL2017-MOP051  
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MOP052 First Observation of Coherent THz Undulator Radiation Driven by NSRRC High Brightness Photo-Injector ion, radiation, undulator, electron 170
 
  • M.C. Chou, K.T. Hsu, S.Y. Hsu, N.Y. Huang, C.-S. Hwang, J.-Y. Hwang, J.C. Jan, C.K. Kuan, W.K. Lau, A.P. Lee, C.C. Liang, G.-H. Luo, I.C. Sheng
    NSRRC, Hsinchu, Taiwan
  • Y.H. Wen
    NTHU, Hsinchu, Taiwan
 
  Generation and characterization of coherent undulator radiation in the THz region using the NSRRC S-band photo-injector linac system is achieved. The system consists of a laser photocathode RF gun and one 5.2-m long S-band accelerating linac. Electron bunches in the linac can be accelerated and compressed simultaneously by velocity bunching. In this work, narrow-band tunable fully-coherent THz radiation can be produced from a U100 planar undulator when it is driven by a 100 pC electron bunch with effective bunch length of 90 fs. The experimental setup and the measurement of the power and the frequency spectrum of the coherent THz undulator radiation are reported.  
poster icon Poster MOP052 [2.116 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-FEL2017-MOP052  
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MOP055 SCLF: An 8-GeV CW SCRF Linac-Based X-Ray FEL Facility in Shanghai ion, FEL, undulator, electron 182
 
  • Z.T. Zhao, D. Wang, L. Yin
    SINAP, Shanghai, People's Republic of China
  • Z.H. Yang
    USTC/NSRL, Hefei, Anhui, People's Republic of China
 
  The Shanghai Coherent Light Facility (SCLF) is a newly proposed high repetition-rate X-ray FEL facility, based on an 8-GeV CW superconducting RF linac. It will be located at Zhangjiang High-tech Park, close to the SSRF campus in Shanghai, at the depth of ~38m underground and with a total length of 3.1 km. Using 3 phase-I undulators, the SCLF aims at generating X-rays between 0.4 and 25 keV at rates up to 1MHz. This paper describes the design concepts of this hard X-ray user facility.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-FEL2017-MOP055  
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TUP010 Double-Bunches for Two-Color Soft X-Ray Free-Electron Laser at the MAX IV Laboratory ion, electron, laser, wakefield 269
 
  • J. Björklund Svensson, O. Lundh
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden
  • J. Andersson, F. Curbis, M. Kotur, F. Lindau, E. Mansten, S. Thorin, S. Werin
    MAX IV Laboratory, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
 
  The ability to generate two-color free-electron laser (FEL) radiation enables a wider range of user experiments than just single-color FEL radiation. There are different schemes for generating the two colors, the original being to use a single bunch and two sets of undulators with different K-parameters. A development of the scheme has recently been shown, where two separate bunches in the same RF bucket are used for lasing at different wavelengths. We here investigate the feasibility of accelerating and compressing a double-bunch time structure generated in the photocathode electron gun for subsequent use in a soft X-ray FEL at the MAX IV Laboratory.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-FEL2017-TUP010  
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TUP013 Experience and Initial Measurements of Magnetic Linearisation in the MAX IV Linac Bunch Compressors ion, sextupole, electron, storage-ring 273
 
  • S. Thorin, J. Andersson, M. Brandin, F. Curbis, L. Isaksson, M. Kotur, F. Lindau, E. Mansten, D. Olsson, R. Svärd, S. Werin
    MAX IV Laboratory, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
  • J. Björklund Svensson
    Lund University, Division of Atomic Physics, Lund, Sweden
 
  The MAX IV Linac is now in routine operation for injection into two storage rings, and as a high-brightness driver for a Short Pulse Facility (SPF). In short-pulse mode the electron bunch is created in a photo cathode gun and compressed in two double achromat bunch compressors that also linearize longitudinal phase space with the second order transfer matrix element T566. T566 in the compressors can be tweaked with weak sextupoles located at high dispersion. In this paper we present the current experience from operating the bunch compressors at MAX IV and results from initial measurements of longitudinal phase space using the zero-crossing method.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-FEL2017-TUP013  
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TUP022 Modeling and Optimization of the APS Photo-Injector Using OPAL for High Efficiency FEL Experiments ion, gun, electron, simulation 284
 
  • C.C. Hall, D.L. Bruhwiler, S.D. Webb
    RadiaSoft LLC, Boulder, Colorado, USA
  • A.Y. Murokh
    RadiaBeam, Santa Monica, California, USA
  • P. Musumeci, Y. Park
    UCLA, Los Angeles, USA
  • Y. Sun, A. Zholents
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: This work was carried out with support for the United State Department of Energy, Office of Scientific Research, under SBIR contract number DE-SC0017161.
The Linac Extension Area (LEA) is a new beamline planned as an extension of Argonne's APS linac. An S-band 1.6-cell copper photo-cathode (PC) RF gun has been installed and commissioned at the APS linac front end. The PC gun will provide a beam to the LEA for accelerator technology development and beam physics experiments, in interleaving with a thermionic RF gun which provides a beam for APS storage ring operations. Recently an experiment was proposed to demonstrate the TESSA high-efficiency concept at LEA. In support of this experiment, we have begun simulating the photo-injector using the code OPAL (Object-oriented Particle Accelerator Library). In this paper, we first benchmark OPAL simulations with the established APS photo-injector optimization using ASTRA and ELEGANT. Key beam parameters required for a successful high-efficiency TESSA demonstration are discussed.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-FEL2017-TUP022  
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TUP027 Cancellation of Coherent Synchrotron Radiation Kicks at LCLS ion, emittance, electron, radiation 296
 
  • D. Khan, T.O. Raubenheimer
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
 
  In this paper, we look at the cancellation of Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR) induced emittance growth using a phase-advance manipulation technique pioneered by R. Hajima, and extended in the Courant-Snyder formalism by S. Di Mitri. Bending systems in a linear accelerator are essential for beam transport and bunch compression. With the ever-growing demands of high-energy, short wavelength free electron laser (FEL) drivers, the CSR effect has emerged to be a detrimental factor in emittance stability. Under linear approximation, it is showed that the CSR driven dispersive kicks in successive bending magnet systems can, with proper balancing of the linac optics, cancel each other to nullify transverse emittance growth. This technique of optics balancing in the constant bunch length regime is the focus of this paper. We will present our findings for the emittance measurements generated in Elegant simulations for the current LCLS-I dogleg system.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-FEL2017-TUP027  
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TUP031 Design of a Dogleg Bunch Compressor with Tunable First-Order Longitudinal Dispersion ion, electron, dipole, FEL 309
 
  • W.K. Lau, M.C. Chou, N.Y. Huang, A.P. Lee
    NSRRC, Hsinchu, Taiwan
  • J. Wu
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
 
  A nonlinear bunch compressor has been designed for the proposed NSRRC VUV FEL facility. It is a double dog-leg configuration that provides a first order longitudinal dispersion function (i.e. R56) with a sign opposite to that of a conventional four-dipole chicane. A large variation in the bunch length or the peak current for various operation conditions can be done by tuning R56. This can be realized by changing the longitudinal positions of the outside dipoles and adjusting the quadrupoles and sextupoles settings for desired bunch compression. Residual energy chirp left after bunch compression as revealed from ELEGANT simulation can be corrected by a capacitive dechirper structure when the bunch is slightly over-compressed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-FEL2017-TUP031  
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WEB03 R&D at SLAC on Nanosecond-Range Multi-MW Systems for Advanced FEL Facilities ion, kicker, FEL, experiment 404
 
  • A.K. Krasnykh, A.L. Benwell, T.G. Beukers, D.F. Ratner
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by US Department of Energy contract DE-AC02-76SF00515
A nanosecond-range, multi-MW system containing TEM mode electrodynamic structures fed by controllable pulsers are needed for (1) fast injection systems in multi-bend achromat upgraded (MBA-U) storage rings and for (2) arrays of FEL beamlines powered by a superconducting linear accelerators operating with MHz-bunch repetition rate. The R&D effort covers both type (1) and (2) layouts. This report discuss the experimental results of several concepts for a generation of the nanosecond range multi MW pulsers. Compression of the initially formed electromagnetic (EM) power is employed for a generation of the nanosecond pulses in all concepts discussed here. A solid-state nonlinear media assists the EM compression. Features of the materials and components used in the design will be presented. The results will be included in the design of the kicker systems for advanced FEL facilities. For example, in the LCLS-II, the nanosecond range pulse allows for distributing closely spaced bunches to multiple undulators allowing experimenters to take advantage of combining different colored x-rays.
 
slides icon Slides WEB03 [6.521 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-FEL2017-WEB03  
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WEP041 HLS to Measure Changes in Real Time in the Ground and Building Floor of PAL-XFEL, Large-Scale Scientific Equipment ion, FEL, real-time, undulator 503
 
  • H. J. Choi, J.H. Han, H.-S. Kang, S.H. Kim, H.-G. Lee, S.B. Lee
    PAL, Pohang, Kyungbuk, Republic of Korea
 
  A variety of parts that comprise large-scale scientific equipment should be installed and operated at accurate three-dimensional location coordinates (X, Y, Z) through survey and alignment in order to ensure optimal performance. However, uplift or subsidence of the ground occurs over time, and consequently causes the deformation of building floors. The deformation of the ground and buildings cause changes in the location of installed parts, eventually leading to alignment errors (ΔX, ΔY, ΔZ) of components. As a result, the parameters of the system change and the performance of large-scale scientific equipment is degraded. Alignment errors that result from changes in building floor height can be predicted by real-time measurement of changes in building floors. This produces the advantage of reducing survey and alignment time by selecting the region where great changes in building floor height are shown and re-aligning components in the region in a short time. To do so, HLS (hydrostatic leveling sensor) with a resolution of 0.2 micrometers and a waterpipe of 1 km are installed at the PAL-XFEL building. This paper introduces the installation and operation status of HLS.  
poster icon Poster WEP041 [0.832 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-FEL2017-WEP041  
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WEP043 Tune-Up Simulations for LCLS-II ion, simulation, quadrupole, emittance 507
 
  • M.W. Guetg, P. Emma
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
 
  The planned superconducting LCLS-II linac poses new operational constraints with respect to the existing copper linac currently operated for LCLS. We present the results of exhaustive accelerator simulations, including realistic machine errors and exploring beam tune-up strategies. The results are used to pin-point the required beam diagnostics and the key correction elements. Specifically, these simulations concentrate on longitudinal and transverse beam matching as well as orbit and dispersion control through the new linac and up to the hard x-ray FEL. Dispersion control is achieved by a novel method presented within this paper.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-FEL2017-WEP043  
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