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MOP032 Reverse Undulator Tapering for Polarization Control and Background-Free Harmonic Production in XFELs: Results from FLASH ion, undulator, FEL, radiation 106
  • E. Schneidmiller, M.V. Yurkov
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  Baseline design of a typical X-ray FEL undulator assumes a planar configuration which results in a linear polarization of the FEL radiation. However, many experiments at X-ray FEL user facilities would profit from using a circularly polarized radiation. As a cheap upgrade, one can consider an installation of a short helical afterburner, but then one should have an efficient method to suppress powerful linearly polarized background from the main undulator. There is an efficient method for such a suppression: an application of the reverse taper in the main undulator.* In this contribution, we present the results of experiments with reverse taper at FLASH2 where a high contrast between FEL intensities from the afterburner and from the reverse-tapered main undulator was demonstrated. Another important application of the reverse taper is a possibility to produce FEL harmonics in the afterburner (or in the last part of baseline gap-tunable undulator). We present recent results from FLASH2 where the second and the third harmonics were efficiently generated with a low background at the fundamental.
* E.A. Schneidmiller and M.V. Yurkov, Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 13-080702 (2013).
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WEP044 Beam Loss Monitor for Undulators in PAL-XFEL ion, undulator, operation, electron 511
  • H. Yang, D.C. Shin
    PAL, Pohang, Kyungbuk, Republic of Korea
  Funding: This work is supported by MSIP, Korea.
PAL-XFEL consists of the hard x-ray line with a 4-10 GeV electron beam and the soft x-ray line with a 3-3.5 GeV electron beam. The HX line consists of 20 undulators and the SX line consists of 7 undulators. The permanent magnets in an undulator should be protected from the radiation-induced demagnetization. We develop a beam loss monitor (BLM) for undulators of PAL-XFEL. It consists of a detector part (head) and an ADC part. The BLM head consists of two fused quartz rods, two photo-multiplier tube (PMT) modules, and an LED bulb. It is based on the Cherenkov radiator: two fused quartz rods are used for radiators. 2 sets of the radiator and PMT module are installed up and down the beam tube. An LED bulb is between the radiators for the heartbeat signal. The ADC part digitizes the output signal of the PMT module. It measures and calculates the beam loss, background, and heartbeat. One ADC processes the signal from 6-8 heads. The BLM system generates interlock to the machine interlock system for over-threshold beam loss. The 28 BLM heads are installed downstream of each undulator. Those are calibrated by the heartbeat signal and operated in the electron beam transmission with 150 pC.
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