Author: Huang, P.W.
Paper Title Page
WEA02 Model of Photocathode for CW Electron Gun 1
 
  • P.W. Huang, W.-H. Huang, C.-X. Tang
    TUB, Beijing, People's Republic of China
 
  Most of the proposed CW guns for free electron lasers use semiconductors as the photocathode due to their high quantum efficiency and potentially low thermal emittance. We manage to establish a model to explain the photoemission of semiconductors with incident photon energy above or below the theoretical threshold and derive the expression for quantum efficiency and thermal emittance. For the incident photon energy near or below the threshold of the cathode, things will be subtle and we should be careful to consider the details we used to neglect. The results of quantum efficiency and thermal emittance agree well with the published work. We also focus on the degradation of the semiconductors and propose a model to examine the development of the thermal emittance. We mainly consider the effect brought by the surface reactions with poisoning gases. The variation of quantum efficiency with time is well-consistent with experiment data. We also present the calculated results of thermal emittance, showing a decline with time. Similar results are presented with typical value of electric field in DC gun and RF gun.