Author: Guetg, M.W.
Paper Title Page
Generation of High Power, Short X-Ray FEL Pulses  
  • M.W. Guetg, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, Z. Huang, A.A. Lutman, T.J. Maxwell
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  X-ray Free Electron Lasers combine high pulse power, short pulse length, narrow bandwidth and a high degree of transverse coherence. Increasing the photon pulse power, while shortening the pulse length, is of key importance on the way to single molecule imaging. This letter shows experimental results at the Linac Coherent Light Source improving its power to more than 300 GW, while reducing the photon pulse length to 10fs. This was achieved by removing residual transverse-longitudinal centroid beam offsets and correction of dispersion when operating over 6 kA peak current.  
Fresh Slice Self-Seeding and Fresh Slice Harmonic Lasing at LCLS  
  • C. Emma, C. Pellegrini
    UCLA, Los Angeles, California, USA
  • J.W. Amann, M.W. Guetg, J. Krzywinski, A.A. Lutman, C. Pellegrini, D.F. Ratner
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  • D.C. Nguyen
    LANL, Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA
  We present results from the successful demonstration of fresh slice self-seeding at the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS).* The performance is compared with SASE and regular self-seeding at photon energy of 5.5 keV, resulting in a relative average brightness increase of a factor of 12 and a factor of 2 respectively. Following this proof-of-principle we discuss the forthcoming plans to use the same technique** for fresh slice harmonic lasing in an upcoming experiment. The demonstration of fresh slice harmonic lasing provides an attractive solution for future XFELs aiming to achieve high efficiency, high brightness X-ray pulses at high photon energies (>12 keV).***
* C. Emma et al., Applied Physics Letters, 110:154101, 2017.
** A. A. Lutman et al., Nature Photonics, 10(11):745-750, 2016.
*** C. Emma et al., Phys. Rev. Accel. Beams 20:030701, 2017.
slides icon Slides TUB02 [13.759 MB]  
Beam Shaping to Improve the Free-Electron Laser Performance at the Linac Coherent Light Source  
  • Y. Ding, K.L.F. Bane, W.S. Colocho, F.-J. Decker, P. Emma, J.C. Frisch, M.W. Guetg, Z. Huang, R.H. Iverson, J. Krzywinski, H. Loos, A.A. Lutman, T.J. Maxwell, H.-D. Nuhn, D.F. Ratner, J.L. Turner, J.J. Welch, F. Zhou
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  A new operating mode has been developed for the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) in which we shape the longitudinal phase space of the electron beam. This mode of operation is realized using a horizontal collimator located in the middle of the first bunch compressor to truncate the head and tail of the beam. With this method, the electron beam longitudinal phase space and current profile are re-shaped, and improvement in lasing performance can be realized. We present experimental studies at the LCLS of the beam shaping effects on the free electron laser performance.  
Dispersion Based Fresh Slice Scheme  
  • M.W. Guetg, Y.-C. Chao, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, A.S. Fisher, Z. Huang, A.A. Lutman, T.J. Maxwell
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  This paper presents experimental studies of the dispersion based fresh slice scheme at LCLS. This scheme lead to pulse shortening resulting in pulse lengths below 10 fs. Careful orbit control allowed generating two colors with individual delay control and color separation of more than 3%. Unlike the dechirper based fresh slice scheme, the dispersion based fresh slice scheme does not require additional hardware. Another key benefit of this scheme is a strong spectral stability making the photon pulse energy independent of the electron energy jitter.  
WEP043 Tune-Up Simulations for LCLS-II 1
  • M.W. Guetg, P. Emma
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  The planned superconducting LCLS-II linac poses new operational constraints with respect to the existing copper linac currently operated for LCLS. We present the results of exhaustive accelerator simulations, including realistic machine errors and exploring beam tune-up strategies. The results are used to pin-point the required beam diagnostics and the key correction elements. Specifically, these simulations concentrate on longitudinal and transverse beam matching as well as orbit and dispersion control through the new linac and up to the hard x-ray FEL. Dispersion control is achieved by a novel method presented within this paper.  
Fresh-Slice X-Ray Free Electron Laser Schemes for Advanced X-Ray Applications  
  • A.A. Lutman, R.N. Coffee, Y. Ding, J.P. Duris, M.W. Guetg, Z. Huang, J. Krzywinski, J.P. MacArthur, A. Marinelli, T.J. Maxwell, S.P. Moeller, J. Zemella
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  • N. Berrah
    University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut, USA
  • C. Emma
    UCLA, Los Angeles, USA
  Funding: This work was supported by Department of Energy contract nos DE-AC02-76SF00515 and DE-SC0012376
The novel fresh-slice XFEL scheme grants control on the temporal slice of the electron bunch lasing in each undulator section. The technique relies on a time-dependent electron bunch trajectory impressed by the transverse wakefield of a corrugated structure and subsequent orbit manipulation in the undulator section. Fully saturated double pulses are produced in two different undulator sections. The wavelength of each pulse is controlled by the undulator magnetic strength and the delay between the pulses can be scanned from a few femtosecond advance of the pulse generated on the bunch head in the second section to a picosecond delay provided by the magnetic chicane. Three-color saturated pulses are demonstrated by using three undulator sections and the polarization of the pulse generated in the last section can be controlled by the variable polarization Delta undulator. In this work we also show the early results for the first multi-stage amplification scheme, producing ultra-short single-pulses with a 100-GW power level in the soft X-rays. The multi-stage amplification is also demonstrated to improve the performance in power and pulse duration control for the two-color FEL scheme.