Author: Ding, Y.
Paper Title Page
MOP013 Hundred-Gigawatt X-Ray Self-Seeded High-Gain Harmonic Generation 1
 
  • L. Zeng, S. Huang, K.X. Liu, W. Qin, G. Zhao
    PKU, Beijing, People's Republic of China
  • Y. Ding, Z. Huang
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
 
  Self-seeded high-gain harmonic generation is a possible way to extend the wavelength of a soft x-ray free-electron laser (FEL). We have carried out simulation study on harmonic generation within the photon energy range from 2 keV to 4.5 keV, which is difficult to achieve due to a lack of monochromator materials. In this work, we demonstrate the third harmonic FEL with the fundamental wavelength at 1.52 nm. Our results shows that, by using undulator tapering technique, sub-terawatt narrow-bandwidth FEL output can be obtained.  
 
MOP014 Harmonic Lasing Towards Shorter Wavelengths in Soft X-Ray Self-Seeding FELs 1
 
  • L. Zeng, S. Huang, K.X. Liu, W. Qin, G. Zhao
    PKU, Beijing, People's Republic of China
  • Y. Ding, Z. Huang
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
 
  In this paper, we study a simple harmonic lasing scheme to extend the wavelength of X-ray self-seeding FELs. The self-seeding amplifier is comprised of two stages. In the first stage, the fundamental radiation is amplified but well restricted below saturation, and simultaneously harmonic radiation is generated. In the second stage, the fundamental radiation is suppressed while the harmonic radiation is amplified to saturation. We performed a start-to-end simulation to demonstrate third harmonic lasing in a soft x-ray self-seeding FEL at the fundamental wavelength of 1.52 nm. Our simulations show that a stable narrow-band FEL at GW levels can be obtained.  
 
MOP061 X-ray Regenerative Amplifier Free-Electron Laser Concepts for LCLS-II 1
 
  • G. Marcus, Y. Ding, J.P. Duris, Y. Feng, Z. Huang, J. Krzywinski, T.J. Maxwell, D.F. Ratner, T.O. Raubenheimer
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  • K.-J. Kim, R.R. Lindberg, Yu. Shvyd'ko
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
  • D.C. Nguyen
    LANL, Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA
 
  High-brightness electron beams that will drive the next generation of high-repetition rate X-ray FELs allow for the possibility of optical cavity-based feedback. One such cavity-based FEL concept is the Regenerative Amplifier Free-Electron Laser (RAFEL). This paper examines the design and performance of possible RAFEL configurations for LCLS-II. The results are primarily based on high-fidelity numerical particle simulations that show the production of high brightness, high average power, fully coherent, and stable X-ray pulses at LCLS-II using both the fundamental and harmonic FEL interactions.  
 
TUA03
Generation of High Power, Short X-Ray FEL Pulses  
 
  • M.W. Guetg, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, Z. Huang, A.A. Lutman, T.J. Maxwell
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
 
  X-ray Free Electron Lasers combine high pulse power, short pulse length, narrow bandwidth and a high degree of transverse coherence. Increasing the photon pulse power, while shortening the pulse length, is of key importance on the way to single molecule imaging. This letter shows experimental results at the Linac Coherent Light Source improving its power to more than 300 GW, while reducing the photon pulse length to 10fs. This was achieved by removing residual transverse-longitudinal centroid beam offsets and correction of dispersion when operating over 6 kA peak current.  
 
TUA05
Generating Subfemtosecond Hard X-Ray Pulses with Optimized Nonlinear Bunch Compression  
 
  • S. Huang
    PKU, Beijing, People's Republic of China
  • Y. Ding, Y. Feng, E. Hemsing, Z. Huang, J. Krzywinski, A.A. Lutman, A. Marinelli, T.J. Maxwell, D. Zhu
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
 
  Funding: This work is supported by the U.S. Department of Energy Contract No. DE-AC02-76SF00515 and the National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant No. 2016YFA0401904).
A simple method for generating single-spike hard x-ray pulses in free-electron lasers (FELs) has been developed at the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS). By optimizing the electron bunch compression in experiments, we have obtained half of the hard x-ray FEL shots containing single-spike spectrum. At 5.6-keV photon energy, the single-spike shots have a mean pulse energy of about 10 J with 70% intensity fluctuation and the pulse width (full width at half maximum) is evaluated to be at 200-attosecond level.
 
 
TUC03
High-Flux, Fully Coherent X-Ray FEL Oscillator  
 
  • K.-J. Kim, S.P. Kearney, T. Kolodziej, R.R. Lindberg, X. Shi, D. Shu, Yu. Shvyd'ko
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
  • K.L.F. Bane, Y. Ding, P. Emma, W.M. Fawley, J.B. Hastings, Z. Huang, J. Krzywinski, G. Marcus, T.J. Maxwell
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  • V.D. Blank, S. Terentiev
    TISNCM, Troitsk, Russia
  • W.M. Fawley
    Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., Basovizza, Italy
  • C. Grizolli
    LNLS, Campinas, Brazil
  • W. Qin
    PKU, Beijing, People's Republic of China
  • S. Stoupin
    Cornell University (CLASSE), Cornell Laboratory for Accelerator-Based Sciences and Education, Ithaca, New York, USA
  • J. Zemella
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  Funding: The ANL part of this work is supported by the U.S. DOE Office of Science under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357 and the SLAC part under contract No. DE-AC02-76SF00515.
By optimizing the parameters of the accelerator, undulator, and the optical cavity, an XFELO driven by an 8-GeV superconducting linac is predicted to produce 10zEhNZeHn photons per pulse at the important photon energies around 14.4 keV.* This is an order of magnitude larger than that in previous designs.** With a BW of 3 meV (FWHM), rep rate of 1 MHz, and taking into account the full coherence, the spectral brightness is then 2×1026 photons per (mm2mr2 0.1\% BW), which is higher than any other source currently operating or anticipated in the future. Experiments at APS beam lines have shown that a high-quality diamond crystal can survive the power density (~15 kW/mm2) expected at the XFELO intra-cavity crystals preserving the high reflectivity.*** The compound refractive lenses can serve as the focusing element. Adding an XFELO to the suite of other FEL sources will, at a minor incremental cost but with a major scientific payoff, significantly expand the scientific capabilities at superconducting linac-based XFEL facilities, such as the European XFEL, the proposed LCLS-II High Energy upgrade and the XFEL project in Shanghai.
* W. Qin et al., this conference.
** R.R. Lindberg et al., Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams, vol 14, 403 (2011).
*** T. Kolodziej et al., this conference.
 
 
TUC05
Start-to-End Simulations for an X-Ray FEL Oscillator at the LCLS-II and LCLS-II-HE  
 
  • W. Qin, K.L.F. Bane, Y. Ding, Z. Huang, G. Marcus, T.J. Maxwell
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  • S. Huang, K.X. Liu
    PKU, Beijing, People's Republic of China
  • K.-J. Kim, R.R. Lindberg
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
 
  The proposed high repetition-rate electron beam from the LCLS-II and LCLS-II High Energy (LCLS-II-HE) upgrade are promising sources as drivers for an X-ray FEL Oscillator (XFELO) operating at both the harmonic and fundamental frequencies. In this contribution we present start-to-end simulations for an XFELO operating at the fifth harmonic with 4 GeV LCLS-II beam and at the fundamental with 8 GeV LCLS-II-HE beam. The electron beam longitudinal phase space is optimized by shaping the photoinjector laser and adjusting various machine parameters. The XFELO simulations show that high-flux output radiation pulses with 1010 photons and 3 meV (FWHM) spectral bandwidth can be obtained with the 8 GeV configuration.  
 
TUP025
Beam Shaping to Improve the Free-Electron Laser Performance at the Linac Coherent Light Source  
 
  • Y. Ding, K.L.F. Bane, W.S. Colocho, F.-J. Decker, P. Emma, J.C. Frisch, M.W. Guetg, Z. Huang, R.H. Iverson, J. Krzywinski, H. Loos, A.A. Lutman, T.J. Maxwell, H.-D. Nuhn, D.F. Ratner, J.L. Turner, J.J. Welch, F. Zhou
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
 
  A new operating mode has been developed for the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) in which we shape the longitudinal phase space of the electron beam. This mode of operation is realized using a horizontal collimator located in the middle of the first bunch compressor to truncate the head and tail of the beam. With this method, the electron beam longitudinal phase space and current profile are re-shaped, and improvement in lasing performance can be realized. We present experimental studies at the LCLS of the beam shaping effects on the free electron laser performance.  
 
TUP026
Dispersion Based Fresh Slice Scheme  
 
  • M.W. Guetg, Y.-C. Chao, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, A.S. Fisher, Z. Huang, A.A. Lutman, T.J. Maxwell
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
 
  This paper presents experimental studies of the dispersion based fresh slice scheme at LCLS. This scheme lead to pulse shortening resulting in pulse lengths below 10 fs. Careful orbit control allowed generating two colors with individual delay control and color separation of more than 3%. Unlike the dechirper based fresh slice scheme, the dispersion based fresh slice scheme does not require additional hardware. Another key benefit of this scheme is a strong spectral stability making the photon pulse energy independent of the electron energy jitter.  
 
TUP056
Generation of Two-Color X-Ray Free-Electron Lasers Using a Matching-Based Fresh-Slice Method  
 
  • W. Qin, Y.-C. Chao, Y. Ding, A.A. Lutman
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
 
  Two-color high intensity X-ray free-electron lasers (FELs) provide powerful tools for probing ultrafast dynamic systems. A novel concept of realizing fresh-slice two-color lasing through slice-dependent transverse mismatch has been proposed by one of the authors.* In this paper we present a feasible example following this concept based on the Linac Coherent Light Source parameters. Time-dependent mismatch along the bunch is generated by a passive dechirper module and controlled by downstream matching sections, enabling FEL lasing at different wavelengths with a split undulator configuration. Simulations for soft X-ray FELs show that tens of gigawatts pulses with femtosecond duration can be generated.
* Y. Chao, SLAC Report No. SLAC-PUB-16935, 2016.
 
 
FRA01
Fresh-Slice X-Ray Free Electron Laser Schemes for Advanced X-Ray Applications  
 
  • A.A. Lutman, R.N. Coffee, Y. Ding, J.P. Duris, M.W. Guetg, Z. Huang, J. Krzywinski, J.P. MacArthur, A. Marinelli, T.J. Maxwell, S.P. Moeller, J. Zemella
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  • N. Berrah
    University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut, USA
  • C. Emma
    UCLA, Los Angeles, USA
 
  Funding: This work was supported by Department of Energy contract nos DE-AC02-76SF00515 and DE-SC0012376
The novel fresh-slice XFEL scheme grants control on the temporal slice of the electron bunch lasing in each undulator section. The technique relies on a time-dependent electron bunch trajectory impressed by the transverse wakefield of a corrugated structure and subsequent orbit manipulation in the undulator section. Fully saturated double pulses are produced in two different undulator sections. The wavelength of each pulse is controlled by the undulator magnetic strength and the delay between the pulses can be scanned from a few femtosecond advance of the pulse generated on the bunch head in the second section to a picosecond delay provided by the magnetic chicane. Three-color saturated pulses are demonstrated by using three undulator sections and the polarization of the pulse generated in the last section can be controlled by the variable polarization Delta undulator. In this work we also show the early results for the first multi-stage amplification scheme, producing ultra-short single-pulses with a 100-GW power level in the soft X-rays. The multi-stage amplification is also demonstrated to improve the performance in power and pulse duration control for the two-color FEL scheme.