Author: Byrd, J.M.
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WEA05 Higher Fields and Beam Energies in Continuous-Wave Room-Temperature VHF RF Guns 401
  • F. Sannibale, J.M. Byrd, D. Filippetto, M.J. Johnson, D. Li, T.H. Luo, C.E. Mitchell, J.W. Staples, S.P. Virostek
    LBNL, Berkeley, California, USA
  Funding: Work supported by the Director of the Office of Science of the US Department of Energy under Contract no. DEAC02-05CH11231
The development in the last decade of MHz-class repetition rate free electron lasers (FELs), and ultrafast electron diffraction and microscopy (UED/UEM) applications, required new gun schemes capable of generating high-brightness beams at such high rates. The VHF-Gun, a 186 MHz room-temperature continuous-wave RF photogun developed at the Lawrence Berkeley Lab (LBNL) was an answer to that need. The VHF-Gun was constructed and tested in the APEX facility at LBNL successfully demonstrating all design parameters and the generation of FEL-quality electron beams. A close version of the APEX gun is in the final phase of fabrication at LBNL to operate as the electron source for the LCLS-II, the new SLAC X-ray FEL. The recently approved upgrade of the LCLS-II towards higher energies (LCLS-II HE) and the brightness-dependent UED and UEM applications would greatly benefit from an increased brightness of the electron source. Such performance upgrade can be obtained by increasing the electric field at the cathode and the beam energy at the gun exit. In this paper, we present and discuss possible upgrade options that would allow us to extend the VHF-Gun technology towards these new goals.
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