Author: Bettoni, S.
Paper Title Page
MOP038 Overview of the Soft X-Ray Line Athos at SwissFEL 1
  • R. Ganter, S. Bettoni, H.-H. Braun, M. Calvi, P. Craievich, R. Follath, C.H. Gough, F. Löhl, M. Paraliev, L. Patthey, M. Pedrozzi, E. Prat, S. Reiche, T. Schmidt, A.C. Zandonella
    PSI, Villigen PSI, Switzerland
  The Athos line will cover the photon energy range from 250 to 1900 eV and will operate parallel to the hard x-ray line Aramis of SwissFEL. Athos consists of fast kicker magnets, a dog-leg transfer line, a small linac and 16 APPLE undulators. The Athos undulators follow a new design: the so-called APPLE X design where the 4 magnet arrays can be moved radially in a symmetric way. Besides mechanical advantages of such a symmetric distribution of forces, this design allows for easy photon energy scans at a constant polarization or for the generation of transverse magnetic gradients. Another particularity of the Athos FEL line is the inclusion of a short magnetic chicane between every undulator segment. These chicanes will allow the FEL to operate in optical klystron mode, high-brightness SASE mode, or superradiance mode. A larger delay chicane will split the Athos line into two sections such that two colors can be produced with adjustable delay. Finally a post undulator transverse deflecting cavity will be the key tool for the commissioning of the FEL modes. The paper will present the current status of this four years project started in 2017.  
High Resolution Method for Uncorrelated Energy Spread Measurement  
  • S. Bettoni, S. Reiche
    PSI, Villigen PSI, Switzerland
  The beam uncorrelated energy spread is a key quantity to characterize the electron bunch, especially in FEL facilities. This quantity is expected to be between 1 and 3 keV at the end of a typical photo-injector. A method based on the analysis of a streaked beam in a dispersive section does not typically reach the necessary resolution. A different approach, based on the coherent harmonic generation, demonstrated the capability of reaching a resolution in the range of a few keV. Following this idea, we propose to use the laser of the laser heater to generate a time-energy modulation on the beam and to measure the bunching downstream of a compressor as a function of the dispersion to determine the uncorrelated energy spread. We discuss here the validation of the method, after applying the reconstruction technique to the simulations of the measurements. We determine a discrepancy between the assumed and the reconstructed uncorrelated energy spread, which is below the order of 0.5 keV.  
High Energy Tunable THz Source Based on Wakefield Excitation  
  • S. Bettoni, P. Craievich, E. Ferrari, R. Ischebeck, F. Marcellini, C. Ozkan Loch, M. Pedrozzi, S. Reiche, V. Schlott
    PSI, Villigen PSI, Switzerland
  We plan to use the interaction of a beam optimized for the generation of FEL radiation with a dielectric waveguide as a pump source for pump and probe experiments in FEL facilities. This scheme provides several advantages to fulfill the user requirements for a radiation source, in particular synchronization with the hard x-ray pulses, tunability throughout the THz frequency range of interest and energy level. We present the optimization of this scheme for SwissFEL, where optimized beam optics matches into a small aperture dielectric waveguide allowing for the highest THz radiation energy. We also propose a method to further increase the THz radiation energy at higher frequencies by shaping the electron bunch.
Paper soon submittedto a journal
Passive Linearization of the Magnetic Bunch Compression Using Self-Induced Field and Without Any Active Higher Harmonic RF Structure  
  • G. Penco, E. Allaria, I. Cudin, S. Di Mitri, D. Gauthier, L. Giannessi, E. Roussel, S. Spampinati, M. Trovò
    Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., Basovizza, Italy
  • S. Bettoni, P. Craievich, E. Ferrari
    PSI, Villigen PSI, Switzerland
  • L. Giannessi
    ENEA C.R. Frascati, Frascati (Roma), Italy
  • E. Roussel
    SOLEIL, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  In linac-driven free-electron lasers, colliders and energy recovery linacs, a common way to compress the electron bunch to kA level is based upon the implementation of a magnetic dispersive element that converts the bunch energy deviation in path-length difference. The non-linearities of such a process are usually compensated by enabling a high harmonic rf structure properly tuned in amplitude and phase. This approach is however not straightforward for foreseen C and X-band linacs. In this work we report the experiment performed on the FERMI linac that has demonstrated the possibility to exploit the longitudinal self-induced field excited by the electron beam itself to passively linearize the compression process without any active higher harmonic rf structure. In this novel configuration, the FERMI electron bunch was compressed up to 700 A as in the nominal case and driven along the FERMI FEL-1 undulators, generating intense extreme-ultraviolet pulses that were provided to users for experiments.  
TUP053 The ACHIP Experimental Chambers at PSI 1
  • E. Ferrari, M. Bednarzik, S. Bettoni, S. Borrelli, H.-H. Braun, M. Calvi, Ch. David, M.M. Dehler, F. Frei, T. Garvey, V. Guzenko, N. Hiller, R. Ischebeck, C. Ozkan Loch, E. Prat, J. Raabe, S. Reiche, L. Rivkin, A. Romann, B. Sarafinov, V. Schlott, S. Susmita
    PSI, Villigen PSI, Switzerland
  • E. Ferrari, L. Rivkin
    EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland
  • P. Hommelhoff
    University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Erlangen, Germany
  • J.C. McNeur
    Friedrich-Alexander Universität Erlangen-Nuernberg, University Erlangen-Nuernberg LFTE, Erlangen, Germany
  Funding: Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation
The Accelerator on a Chip International Program (ACHIP) is an international collaboration, funded by the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, whose goal is to demonstrate that a laser-driven accelerator on a chip can be integrated to fully build an accelerator based on dielectric structures. PSI will provide access to the high brightness electron beam of SwissFEL to test structures, approaches and methods towards achieving the final goal of the project. In this contribution, we will describe the two interaction chambers installed on SwissFEL to perform the proof-of-principle experiments. In particular, we will present the positioning system for the samples, the magnets needed to focus the beam to sub-micrometer dimensions and the diagnostics to measure beam properties at the interaction point.
Two-Color Beam Generation via Wakefield Excitation  
  • S. Bettoni, E. Prat, S. Reiche
    PSI, Villigen PSI, Switzerland
  Several beam manipulation methods have been studied and experimentally tested to generate two-color photon beams in free electron laser facilities to accommodate the user requests. We propose to use the interaction of the beam with an oscillating longitudinal wakefield source to obtain a suitable electron beam structure. The bunch generates two sub-pulses with different energies and delays in time passing through a magnetic chicane after its longitudinal phase space has been modulated by the wakefield source. According to this approach, the power of the emitted radiation is not degraded compared to the monochromatic beam, and the set-up in the machine is quite simple because the bunch is manipulated only in the high energy section where the beam is more rigid. We present the design applied to SwissFEL. We identified the parameters and the corresponding range of tunability of the time and energy separation among the two sub-bunches.
Reference: Phys. Rev. Accel. Beams 19, 050702 (2016)